Some children suffer from asthma episodes during soccer practice. For others, their symptoms flare up in the middle of the night. Whether it happens during play or at rest, it’s difficult for parents to see their children coughing and struggling to breathe or speak.
These frightening symptoms of childhood asthma can be well controlled, but learning how to best partner with your pediatrician may require time, patience and a lot of good communication. You can help your doctor develop an effective “asthma action plan” with these five tips:
Asthma in children treatment has to be diagnosed well and early in advance, failure to which can result to increased asthmatic attacks or even cause one to end up with the condition in their entire life time. It usually results due to allergens such as pollen or dust, which causes the airway to swell making it hard for the child to breath. Current increase in trend of environmental pollution is to blame for the increased cases of asthma in both children and adults.
Common challenges met in asthma in children treatment.
If you have a child with asthma, it is important for both of you to know how signs and symptoms of asthma present. This will help arrest the condition in time, thereby preventing it from advancing to serious levels. Clear signs and symptoms of asthma include; shortness of breath, wheezing sound especially while exhaling, chest pain, intermittent cough, and chest congestion. If the parent or child is able to identify any of these symptoms early, it will be much easier to treat and also prevent more serious future attacks. However, it is important to seek help from a qualified physician before you administer any form of treatment because these symptoms also relate to other disease and tend to vary from child to child.
What entails asthma in children treatment?
Keep detailed records
The best way to develop an effective treatment plan for your child is to come to appointments prepared to talk about your child’s progress, This means being ready to talk about:
What triggered the onset of symptoms
The number of office, urgent care or ER visits, and any hospital stays
What preventive medications have been taken, and whether there have been problems with consistent dosing whether it was interrupted either by yourself or changed by another doctor
How often your child requires rescue medications for treatment of acute symptoms.
Check your home environment for asthma triggers
Exposure to tobacco smoke before and after birth is a risk factor for childhood asthma. In addition to second-hand smoke, parents should look carefully around their home for anything that could trigger asthma symptoms, including:Furry pets – such as dogs, cats, guinea pigs and hamsters – can make it more difficult to control asthma
Outdoor allergens – such as trees and grasses in spring and weeds and molds in late summer and fall – may trigger seasonal asthma.
Know what tests to request
Pulmonary (lung) function tests: If you suspect your child as asthma or if symptoms are getting worse, your pediatrician will perform these tests, which require your child to breath into a small instrument called a spirometer. The tests measure how much air the lungs can hold and how fast air moves in and out.
Asthma control test: This test, available online, allows children and parents to grade their symptoms without the pressure of doing so directly to the doctor. Dr. Carl says it’s a really helpful asthma scorecard. Fill it out before your appointment.
Be ready to ask: Why aren’t my child’s symptoms responding?
You need to be ready if your child’s treatment is not working if he or she experiences any of the following:
Frequent courses of oral steroids (from your doctor or ER)
ER visits or hospitalizations
If your child has required multiple courses of oral steroids, it’s time to talk to your doctor about developing a new preventive treatment plan.Your child’s asthma episodes interrupt daytime play more than twice a week or wake them up at night more than twice a month
They require lots of albuterol aerosol or inhaler use.
Be patient with long-term treatments
Preventive – or “controller”– medicines do not immediately relieve symptoms in the same way that rescue inhalers do, but will help if used consistently over the long-term.
Urges parents to make sure their pediatrician fully explains what to expect from each medication so they don’t grow impatient and frustrated if results aren’t immediate. Good communication with your pediatrician is essential for achieving optimal asthma care.
Important Tips For Asthma Treatment
will be adequate for one complete year in the beginning. Thereafter its period will be extended.Hopefully the research gets a positive conclusion.Till then prevention is better then looking for cure.
Asthma in Children - Treatment Overview
Although your child's asthma cannot be cured, you can manage the symptoms with medicines and other measures.
- It's very important to treat your child's asthma. Although he or she may feel good most of the time, even mild asthma may cause changes to the airways that speed up and make worse the natural decrease in lung function that occurs as we age.
- Your child can expect to live a normal life by following his or her asthma action plan. Asthma symptoms that are not controlled can limit your child's activities and lower his or her quality of life.
- Know the goals of treatment
- By following your child's treatment plan, you can help your child meet these goals:
- Increase lung function by treating the inflammation in the lungs.
- Decrease the severity, frequency, and duration of asthma attacks by avoiding triggers.
- Treat acute attacks as they occur.
- Use quick-relief medicine less (ideally on not more than 2 days a week).
- Have a full life—the ability to participate in all daily activities, including school, exercise, and recreation—by preventing and managing symptoms.
- Sleep through the night undisturbed by asthma symptoms.
- actionset.gif Asthma: Taking Charge of Your Asthma
- Babies and small children need early treatment for asthma symptoms to prevent severe breathing problems. They may have more serious problems than adults because their bronchial tubes are smaller.
- Follow your child's action plan
- An asthma action plan tells you which medicines your child takes every day and how to treat asthma attacks. It may also include an asthma diary where your child records peak expiratory, symptoms, triggers, and quick-relief medicine used for asthma symptoms. This helps you to identify triggers that can be changed or avoided and to be aware of your child's symptoms. A plan also helps you make quick decisions about medicine and treatment.
- actionset.gif Asthma: Using an Asthma Action Plan
- See an example of an asthma action plan.
- Take medicines
- Your child will take several types of medicines to control his or her asthma and to prevent attacks. These include:
- Inhaled corticosteroids. These are for long-term treatment of asthma and are usually taken every day. They reduce inflammation in your child's airways.
- Short-acting beta2-agonists and anticholinergics (quick-relief medicines). These medicines are used for asthma attacks. They relax the airways, allowing your child to breathe easier.
- Oral or injected corticosteroids. These medicines may be used to get your child's asthma under control before he or she starts taking daily medicine. In the future, your child also may take oral or injected corticosteroids to treat asthma attacks.
- Allergies can really be difficult. The sneezing, coughing, congestion, headaches…it can be stressful to deal with and put a damper on any outing. We are here to help find out what type of treatments you need to address and manage your symptoms and live a healthier, more comfortable life.
- Allergies are among the most common chronic conditions worldwide. Symptoms of allergies range from making you miserable to putting you at risk for life-threatening reactions. Don’t try to tough it out by taking over-the-counter medications that may not address your issues and can make you drowsy.
- A number of different allergens are responsible for allergic reactions. The most common include:
- • Pollen
- • Dust
- • Food
- • Insect stings
- • Animal dander
- • Mold
- • Medications
- • Latex
The immune system and immune response are at the heart of the symptoms that develop in asthma. In asthma, the muscles lining the airways are very sensitive and overreact to substances or events, known as triggers, that other people tolerate without problem.
Your asthma symptoms are caused by 3 main physiological processes, and treatment is targeted to address all of them:
Tightening of the muscles lining the airways: This contraction or tightening of the bronchial smooth muscles is called bronchospasm or bronchoconstriction. As these muscles tighten around the outside of your bronchial tubes, causing narrowing, it becomes more difficult to move air through the lung. When this occurs, you may notice shortness of breath, chest tightness or wheezing.
Mucus production: In addition to the bronchoconstriction, airways of the lung produce an increased amount of mucus. This can lead to mucus plugging and further narrowing of the airways, making symptoms worse.
Inflammation: The inside of the airways become swollen and inflamed. This swelling even further decreases airflow and makes it more difficult to breathe. The inflammation generally occurs later in an asthma attack.
Term asthma is defined as a chronic disease of the respiratory tract. The bronchial mucous membrane is particularly sensitive to the different stimuli and swells it. Also produces the lung mucus. The airways are narrowed, the muscles of the lower respiratory tract is contracted spasmodically.
Asthma or colloquially only Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the airways due. Typical of asthma are especially coughing , shortness of breath and over stimulation of the lungs and bronchi by environmental stimuli.
Causes of asthma
The exact causes of asthma are still undetected. It is believed that genetic factors and environmental influences may be the cause. Also play a role in allergic disorders. They are risk factors in the development of asthma. An example of this is in particular the allergic rhinitis .
A variety of stimuli can trigger an asthma attack. Thus, physical exertion, cold, perfume or air pollution, allergens such as pollen, dust and pet dander as well as inflammation of the airways causing an acute asthma attack. In bronchial asthma distinguish between allergic and non allergic asthma.
Typical symptoms and signs of asthma are.
1. Difficulty in breathing
2. Abnormal breath sounds
3. Cough phlegm
5. Shortness of breath
Care and treatment of asthma
The symptoms of asthma can be kept by therapies or preventive measures pretty much under control. In the therapy, there are several approaches.
- During an allergic asthma reaction to the triggering substance should be avoided. This may eventually lead to a career change, if you have the job to do with the allergens.
- Continuous intake of prescribed drugs is just as important as the constant carrying of asthma sprays.
- Also, get the smoke without. Passive smoking harms just as much as active smoking. A moderate physical activity has to be also.
- Drug therapies, for example, provide for a reduction of inflammation, and thus the avoidance of bronchial hypersensitivity. The inhalation of certain drugs is here considered to be particularly helpful.
- Also usually a treatment plan will be developed in cooperation between the physician and the patient. Patients also need to be trained to know how to deal with their chronic asthma disease well.
- Here for example, the right breathing technique is trained. Often it is also necessary that in allergic asthma, the entire apartment is being renovated, so that a contact with mold, animal dander etc can be avoided. Treatment strategies are closely followed, especially in children complete healing of bronchial asthma is likely.Causes of Asthma in Children: Asthma experts couldn’t detect any definite cause yet but there are few common issues that lead to an asthmatic discomfort. First and the foremost is the heredity issue. It’s been observed that children with asthmatic parents are more likely to be an asthmatic. Besides, people with allergies are more common with asthma. Pollution is another reason of asthma and makes an asthmatic condition worse.
Symptoms of Asthma in Children: Symptoms of asthma can be both mild and sever. A child with asthma may:
• Wheeze, making a soft or loud whistling noise while breathing.
• Cough a lot.
• Have sleeping difficulties due to wheezing and coughing.
• Feel short of breath.
• Feel tightness in his or her chest.
• Gets tired quickly during exercise.
All these symptoms may get worse during night time.
How to Diagnose Asthma in Children: After reviewing the symptoms of you child, a physician may suggest you to do tests like:
• Spirometry: This test gives a thorough reading of how quickly and how much air the child can shift in and out of the lungs. However, this test is only for children over 5 years and in case of babies, doctors usually listen and analyze the wheezing rate manually.
• Peak Expiratory Flow: This shows the power of your child’s lungs at his or her maximum effort.
• Chest X-Ray: This is done to find out if there are some other diseases that are creating the symptoms.
• Allergy Tests: To ensure that the symptoms are not arising due to any kind of allergies.
Routine checkup of your child in an asthmatic condition is a must so that doctors can keep good track of the situation and treat accordingly.
Treatment of Asthma in Children: There are two techniques of treating asthma in children. The purposes are to. Control asthma for a longer period of time. This incorporates a written daily treatment plan that helps you keeping track of routine reactions and improvements of the symptoms. Controller medicines are the key factor of this technique that reduce the airway swellings of your child and prevent attacks.
• Treat asthma attacks when they take place. This form of treatment features an asthma action plan with detailed guidelines about steps to be taken during an asthma attack. This method is helpful to identify the triggers and quick-relief medicines like albuterol are being used to overcome the attack.
The best means of getting the most medicine into the lungs of your child is to use an inhaler with a spacer. If your child requires using the fast-relief inhaler more frequently than usual, consult with your doctor, since this is a sign of an uncontrolled asthmatic condition.
Additional Steps to be taken: There are few more things that can help your child avoiding an asthma attack. Such as:
• Keep your child’s room free from cigarette smoke and other air pollutions like dusts or mosquito coils.
• Keep your child away from things they are allergic to, like dust mites, pollen or pet dander.
• Never let your child play outside when it’s cold and dry. If exercising seems to be an asthmatic trigger, talk with your doctor about it.
You may feel feeble if your child is asthmatic, but maintaining a daily treatment diagram and an action plan for asthma attack will help you to figure out what should you do during an attack.
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