Soreness of the mouth that causes too much pain is called as a mouth ulcer. It is a white and grayish pit with red halos and appears shallow causing soreness and burning pain. Mouth ulcers are also called as Canker
Sores. These ulcers usually appear on the tongue, lips, inside the cheeks, even inside the bottom lip and on the gums. When the ulcer is about to occur you feel burning and tingling sensation in the mouth. They are not ulcer contagious but always tend to recur. These ulcers may occur one at a time or in clusters. Mouth ulcers generally last for about one week or ten days.
There may be many reasons for the occurrence of the ulcers but some of the types of ulcers are:
Natural Home Remedies for Mouth Ulcers Tips
Minor ulcers:
These are the most common type of ulcers (aphthous stomatitis) and are caused in 80% of the cases. The healing time for minor ulcers is usually 7 – 10 days.
Major ulcers:
Also called as large ulcers, these types of ulcers occur in 10% of the cases of aphthous stomatitis. These are known as major aphthous ulceration. Usually this kind merges with adjacent ulcers and forms a larger ulcer. They are often very painful.
Herpetiform ulcers:
This ulceration is very painful and is formed as a result of an infection with herpes simplex. In this type you notice frequent recurrence of lesions more than minor or major aphthous ulcers. Mostly women are affected by these in comparison to men. These ulcers occur in clusters of 100 small painful ulcers.
Home Remedies for Mouth Ulcers:
Regardless of why you get mouth ulcers, there are home remedies that can ease the pain and discomfort and help in the healing process. Most home remedies for ulcers use ingredients commonly found in the kitchen. So, here are the top 15 home remedies that can provide fast relief if you are suffering from a painful mouth ulcer:
Raw Onion:
Raw onion is replete with sulfur and this helps to treat mouth ulcers effectively. So make a salad and add lots of raw onions to it. Eat it and let the onions work their magic. Of course, be prepared to be called “onion breathe”, but trust me this home remedy works like magic and you will love it!
Orange Juice:
You can make fresh orange juice or buy fortified orange juice from your supermarket. The key is getting a lot of Vitamin C into your body. It has been seen that Vitamin C deficiency can result in mouth ulcers. Also, Vitamin C boosts your immune system and helps your body fight all kinds of infections, including mouth ulcers.
Basil Leaves:

Pluck a few fresh basil leaves from your vegetable patch. Wash them and begin chewing on the leaves with some water. The essential oils from the leaves will ease the discomfort and also help to heal the ulcer faster. Chew the leaves twice a day for fast relief.
Coconut Milk:
Fresh coconut milk is a wonderful home remedy for mouth ulcers. It has a soothing effect and can help tremendously with the pain. Gargle three to four times a day with coconut milk and see how quickly your pain subsides and allows you to eat normally.
Water Gargle:
You can gargle several times a day with hot and cold water. The water will flush out your mouth and also have a soothing effect on the ulcer. You can add a little sea salt to the warm water, as salt has antiseptic properties and can help to heal the ulcer faster.
Pro-biotics:
We all know that pro-biotics remove harmful bacteria from our body. The same holds true for the bacteria in the mouth. You can hasten the healing process and get respite from the pain and discomfort if you eat a lot of natural yoghurt, kefir and buttermilk.
Sodium Bicarbonate: 
Usually, sodium bicarbonate, also known as baking soda, is used at home to clean dishes, floors and furniture and to deodorize drains. However, it makes an excellent mouth rinse and toothpaste as well! So, if you are enduring the pain and discomfort from mouth ulcers, make a solution of sodium bicarbonate and water. Use this solution as a mouth rinse to ease the pain and speed up the healing process.
Poppy Seeds:
This is an ayurvedic method of treating mouth ulcers. Make a paste of poppy seeds. To improve the flavour and taste, add some desiccated coconut or rock sugar while making the paste. Add little water to make the paste into a thick solution and then cook it. Consume this paste to heal the ulcer. According to Ayurveda, mouth ulcers occur due to too much heat in the body and poppy seeds have a cooling effect.
Peppermint Oil:
Apply peppermint oil generously on the ulcer to get relief from the pain and irritation. You can pick up peppermint oil from any health store.
Honey and Coconut Milk: 
Make a mixture of honey and coconut milk and massage your gums with it. The antiseptic and soothing properties of the ingredients will help heal the ulcer on your gums and provide relief from the pain.
Mulberry Juice:
Try and find refreshing mulberries and make a juice. Consume the juice, as it can help to heal the ulcers and reduce the discomfort.
Licorice Root
Mouth ulcers can be cured with licorice root, as this herb works as a demulcent and forms a protective coating on the mucous membranes that resists irritation and soothes open lesions. It also has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.
Soak one tablespoon of crushed licorice root in two cups of water for two to three hours.
Use it as a mouth rinse several times a day.
You can also take deglycyrrhizinated (DGL) licorice root extract available as chewable tablets or gargle with DGL dissolved in warm water.
Coconut Milk
Coconut milk is highly beneficial in soothing the pain of mouth ulcers.
Mix a little honey in one tablespoon of coconut milk. Massage the affected area with it. Do this three or four times a day.
Alternatively, you can simply rinse your mouth with fresh coconut milk or massage coconut oil on the affected area.
Sea Salt and Hydrogen Peroxide
Both sea salt and hydrogen peroxide have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and disinfectant properties. Hence, you can use the ingredients separately or in an effective combination to cure mouth ulcers or canker sores.
 Baking Soda
Baking soda, also called sodium bicarbonate, helps treat mouth ulcers. It is especially helpful for those caused by acidic foods or drinks as baking soda helps neutralize acid. It will also reduce inflammation and remove germs and bacteria. Be aware that it may cause a burning sensation.
Mix one teaspoon of baking soda with a little water to make a thin paste. Dab it on the affected area. Repeat this several times a day.
Alternatively, you can simply put baking soda directly on your mouth ulcer.
Simply dip a cotton swab in honey and dab it on the affected area. You can also use glycerin or vitamin E oil in the same way. For mouth sores caused by radiation therapy, use manuka honey.
Aloe Vera
Applying aloe vera gel or juice on the affected area alleviates pain, promotes healing, and works as a natural antiseptic. It also has antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties. Research has shown it is useful for dealing with oral health problems such as mouth ulcers, cold sores, gingivitis, and lichen planus.
Celery
Simply chewing a fresh celery stalk can be quite effective in providing relief from mouth ulcers due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.
In addition, it contains folic acid and vitamins B1, B2, B6, C, and others. For best results, after chewing the celery stalk, keep the pulp on the affected area for about 10 minutes. In addition to healing your mouth ulcers, it will keep bad breath at bay.
Basil
Basil leaves speed up the healing process for mouth ulcers. Furthermore, they have antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties.
Wash four or five basil leaves thoroughly.
Chew them and sip a little water afterwards.
Do this twice a day, in the morning and evening.
It will also cure bad breath.
Ice
Ice is an effective home remedy to numb the pain of mouth ulcers. It is particularly helpful when you apply ice on the affected area as soon as you experience symptoms, like a tingling and burning sensation, before the shallow ulceration appears.
Remedies to Reduce Pain

If the mouth ulcer is causing a lot of pain, gently rub a small ice cube over the spot or rinse your mouth with ice-cold water. This won’t make the ulcer disappear, but it can help reduce the pain. Similarly, you could also chew on a clove bud (lavang) and direct the juice so generated to the area where the ulcer is located. The mild anaesthetic effect of the clove will reduce the pain you feel. To prevent the ulcerated area from getting infected, make it a point to rinse your mouth with a little salt water.
Tulsi
The leaves of the tulsi plant have amazing medicinal properties and one of the important actions of tulsi is as an adaptogen – a substance that aids the body to adapt to stress. Chew a few leaves of tulsi along with some water about three to four times every day. This will help the ulcers go away faster and also have a preventive action against their recurrence. (Read: Top 10 health benefits of tulsi)
Honey
Honey is a natural humectant – that is, it helps to retain moisture and prevent dehydration. It also helps reduce scarring and hastens the process of new tissue growth. This, along with its anti-microbial effect ensures faster healing of the mouth ulcer. You can either dab a little honey onto the mouth ulcer or mix in a little turmeric to make a paste that can be applied to the affected area.
Poppy Seeds
Poppy seeds – khus-khus in Hindi – are said to have a cooling effect on the body. According to Ayurveda, too much heat in the body manifests as mouth ulcers and therefore, poppy seeds are a good remedy to overcome this problem. Read how can you actually use poppy seeds to treat your ulcers.
Coconut
Dry coconut, coconut oil and coconut water are the three products of the coconut tree that are very useful in treating mouth ulcers. Drinking tender coconut water helps to cool the body down. Applying a little coconut oil directly onto the mouth ulcer or chewing some coconut (fresh or dry) helps to reduce pain and inflammation and this helps the ulcers heal faster. (Read: The coconut controversy – is it really all bad?
Types of Mouth Ulcer
There are several different types of mouth ulcers. In general, we can categorize them into three types: minor, major, and Herpetiform. The minor ulcer is commonly seen across patients. According to research statistics, minor ulcer makes up for around eighty percent of all ulcer cases. The minor version tends to be very small. At most, the diameter reaches to a maximum of 10 mm. Luckily, the minor form only lasts for two weeks at most and they can be naturally healed.
Major Ulcer
The major form makes up for around 10% of all cases. They are greater than 10 mm in diameter size, and will cause great discomfort to the patient. Unlike minor ones, they only appear one at a time. Minor ulcers can appear in several dots. As they are much more sensitive than their smaller brother, it can take up to a month to heal. During the healing period, you will have endure sharp pain while you eat. It is best you visit a medical professional as soon as you identify it as a major ulcer.
Herpetiform Ulcer
The last form of ulcer isn't necessarily the most serious out of the three types, but it can cause the most discomfort because they can be appear in large numbers. For example, you may get a hundred of these irregular spots in one go. Like the major form, it can take over a month to heal. It is best to receive professional treatment for Herpetiform ulcers. Luckily, the two latter types constitute for a small portion of patients so you are unlikely to be affected by it during your lifetime. That said, you should take every care to avoid them from ever forming.
What is ulcer?
Soreness of the mouth that causes too much pain is called as a mouth ulcer. It is a white and grayish pit with red halos and appears shallow causing soreness and burning pain. Mouth ulcers are also called as Canker Sores. These ulcers usually appear on the tongue, lips, inside the cheeks, even inside the bottom lip and on the gums. When the ulcer is about to occur you feel burning and tingling sensation in the mouth. They are not ulcer contagious but always tend to recur. These ulcers may occur one at a time or in clusters. Mouth ulcers generally last for about one week or ten days.
There may be many reasons for the occurrence of the ulcers but some of the types of ulcers are:
Minor ulcers:
These are the most common type of ulcers (aphthous stomatitis) and are caused in 80% of the cases. The healing time for minor ulcers is usually 7 – 10 days.
Major ulcers:
Also called as large ulcers, these types of ulcers occur in 10% of the cases of aphthous stomatitis. These are known as major aphthous ulceration. Usually this kind merges with adjacent ulcers and forms a larger ulcer. They are often very painful.
Herpetiform ulcers:
This ulceration is very painful and is formed as a result of an infection with herpes simplex. In this type you notice frequent recurrence of lesions more than minor or major aphthous ulcers. Mostly women are affected by these in comparison to men. These ulcers occur in clusters of 100 small painful ulcers.
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