Mumps is spread directly by mucous membrane (the thin moist lining of many parts of the body such as the nose, mouth and throat) contact with airborne droplets from the nose and throat. It may be spread:
Indirectly - contact with hands, tissues and other articles soiled by nose and throat discharges
directly - contact with the saliva of an infected person.
The symptoms of mumps usually develop 14 to 25 days after a person is infected with the mumps virus (the incubation period). The average incubation period is around 17 days.
Swelling of the parotid glands is the most common symptom of mumps. The parotid glands are a pair of glands responsible for producing saliva. They are located in either side of your face, just below your ears.
Both glands are usually affected by the swelling, although only one gland can be affected. The swelling can cause pain, tenderness and difficulty with swallowing.
indirectly - contact with hands, tissues and other articles soiled by nose and throat discharges
directly - contact with the saliva of an infected person.

Mumps - symptoms,treatment and prevention Amazing Tips-

Signs and symptoms
Mumps occurs most commonly in children and adolescents, although symptoms are more severe in adults. About 30% of cases will have no symptoms at all (asymptomatic infections) or only mild symptoms.
When present, symptoms include:
Swelling of the glands on the sides of the face and along the jaw line. Swelling and tenderness starts just below and in front of one or both ears.
Fever.
Headache.
Inflammation of the testicles (orchitis) occurs in 20% of adult males
Inflammation of the ovaries (oophoritis) occurs in about 5% of adult females.

Despite popular opinion, sterility following infection is rare. Another rare complication is inflammation of the brain (encephalitis). Meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord) from mumps is probably more common and may be accompanied by hearing loss.

Diagnosis
The diagnosis is suspected following clinical presentation and can be confirmed by a blood test. The mumps virus may also be grown in the laboratory from throat swabs, fluid specimens taken from the nose, CSF (cerebrospinal fluid: the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord) or urine.

Incubation period

(time between becoming infected and developing symptoms)
Generally 14 to 25 days, usually 18 days.
(time during which an infected person can infect others)
Up to 6 days before swelling of the glands begins and up to 5 days after the onset of swelling. Asymptomatic infections can still result in spread of infection. Exposed non-immune people should be considered infectious from the 12th to the 25th day after exposure whether or not they have symptoms.
More general symptoms often develop a few days before the parotid glands swell. These can include:
headache
joint pain
feeling sick
dry mouth
mild abdominal pain
feeling tired
loss of appetite
a high temperature (fever) of 38°C (100.4°F), or Above
In about 1 in 3 cases, mumps doesn't cause any noticeable symptoms.
When to seek medical advice
If you suspect that you or your child has mumps, it's important to call your GP.
While the infection is not usually serious, mumps has similar symptoms to other, more serious types of infection, such as glandular fever and tonsillitis. It's always best to visit your GP so that they can confirm (or rule out) a diagnosis of mumps.

It's also important to let your GP know in advance if you are coming to the surgery so they can take any necessary precautions to avoid the spread of infection.

Treatment of the symptoms includes giving plenty of fluids. Paracetamol may be given for fever and pain. There is no specific antiviral treatment.

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